Having the default Apache document root to
/etc/www can be sometimes annoying because of permissions. I strongly recommend to use a folder into your
For the sake of this post, I will use the folder
Sites (that I created under my personal folder
PS: The Apache version used for this post is: 2.4.10 (Ubuntu), you can see yours using
apache2 -v command.
Changing apache2 document root
The default document root is set in the
000-default.conf file that is under
$ cd /etc/apache2/sites-available $ sudo nano 000-default.conf
While the file is opened change
DocumentRoot /var/www/ with your new folder e.g
Set the right Apache configuration
The configuration of the
/etc/www folder is under
/etc/apache2/apache2.conf. Edit this file to add the configuration of your new document root.
$ sudo nano /etc/apache2/apache2.conf
Copy the following:
<Directory /var/www/> Options Indexes FollowSymLinks AllowOverride None Require all granted </Directory>
and change the directory path:
<Directory /home/shprink/Sites/> Options Indexes FollowSymLinks AllowOverride None Require all granted </Directory>
$ sudo service apache2 restart
Set the right permission
All of your document root parent folders must be executable by everyone. To know if it is the case you can use the utility
namei that list the permissions along each component of the path:
$ namei -m /home/shprink/Sites/ f: /home/shprink/Sites/ drwxr-xr-x / drwxr-xr-x home drwx------ shprink drwx------ Sites
Here as you can see that
Sites permissions are not set properly.
http://localhost/ in your browser, you should get the following message:
Forbidden You don’t have permission to access / on this server.
Open the apache error log to see the exact error code e.g
AH00035. It might help you to get more information.
$ sudo tail -f /var/log/apache2/error.log [Mon Apr 06 09:04:26.518260 2015] [core:error] [pid 22139] (13)Permission denied: [client 127.0.0.1:45121] AH00035: access to / denied (filesystem path '/home/shprink/Sites') because search permissions are missing on a component of the path
To fix the permission problem for good, using
chmod +755 should be enough.
$ chmod +755 /home/shprink/ $ chmod +755 /home/shprink/Sites/
namei to make sure everything is ok.
$ namei -m ~/Sites/ f: /home/shprink/Sites/ drwxr-xr-x / drwxr-xr-x home drwxr-xr-x shprink drwxr-xr-x Sites
http://localhost/ should work as expected. If you are having trouble please leave a comment.